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Black People and Diabetes



By way of introduction I want to speak of why I’m writing a blog in the first place. I’m VERY VERY passionate about health and fitness. Yes that includes working out and eating healthily but also includes having a healthy mind - for which I believe exercise and nutrition are key ingredients to achieving a healthy mind. So I’ve decided to start bloging on Health and Fitness.





#diabetics #diabetes #nutrition #diet

March 25, 2014 – US Department of Health and Human Services, US Food and Drug Administration, The Office of Minority Health

You inherit more than your eye and hair color from your family. You can also inherit a predisposition for diabetes, a disease that disproportionally affects racial and ethnic minorities.

The Office of Minority Health (OMH) at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is building relationships with the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and other groups to help Americans prevent and treat diabetes, and to address the disparity in how severely it affects minority groups in particular.


The American Diabetes Association Alert Day on March 25, 2014, is a one-day wake-up call to inform people about the dangers of diabetes, especially when left undiagnosed or untreated. The annual event, on the fourth Tuesday of March, is a reminder for people young and old to take the ADA’s Diabetes Risk Test, which includes simple questions about your family history, weight, age and other potential risk factors for diabetes.

Diabetes is a high priority for OMH because racial and ethnic minorities have a higher burden of diabetes, worse diabetes control and are more likely to experience complications (for example, among Hispanics, the death rate from diabetes is 50% higher than for non-Hispanic whites).

Why? For minorities, the problem is a combination of risk factors. “For some minorities, poverty, lack of access to health care, cultural attitudes and behaviors are all barriers to preventing diabetes and having effective diabetes management once diagnosed,” says OMH Director Jonca Bull, M.D.

In addition, diabetes can progress faster in minority populations. This rapid progression is compounded by a poor diet, obesity and a sedentary life.

“People live in areas and engage in behaviors that often don’t support a healthy life. They don’t have enough access to healthy foods and perhaps too much access to fast food,” Bull says. “They also lack access to ongoing health-care services.”

What OMH Is Doing

OMH is working on several fronts to help members of ethnic and racial minority groups stay healthy and, if needed, to get treatment for diabetes.

Bull explains that OMH’s outreach work includes raising awareness of the need for more research in diabetes therapies that address racial and ethnic differences. OMH is also working to make sure minorities are included as subjects in clinical trials of medical products for the treatment of diabetes and other diseases. Those trials involve testing new drugs, biologics (including blood products and vaccines), and medical devices under controlled conditions.

“We need to know how ethnic and racial minorities respond to these treatments. Are there biological or environmental factors that make them respond differently? Are certain kinds of treatments more effective in treating diabetes and other diseases in particular racial and ethnic sub-groups?” says Bull.

OMH is also reaching out to consumers via its new Twitter feed: @FDAOMH.

“We welcome consumer questions and feedback on minority health issues. We’re here to listen and to advocate on behalf of consumers,” Bull says.


Diabetes affects nearly 26 million Americans (8.3% of the population). In addition, about 79 million adults (35%) are at risk of developing diabetes.

Diabetes occurs because of defects in the body’s ability to produce or use insulin—a hormone released into the blood to control glucose (sugar) levels and the amount of glucose transported into cells as an energy source. If the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin, or if the cells do not respond appropriately to insulin, glucose can’t get into the cells and the blood sugar level gets too high. High blood sugar can lead to devastating health problems, including heart disease, blindness, kidney disease, stroke, amputation, and death.

Who has diabetes? According to the National Health Interview Survey by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Census Bureau:

  • 17.5% of American Indians/Alaska natives
  • 16.3% of American Indians/Native Americans
  • 13.2% of Hispanics
  • 12.9% of non-Hispanic blacks
  • 9.1% of Asian Americans
  • 7.6% of non-Hispanic whites 18 and older



Why these groups are more at risk is a complex question with no simple answer. For the most part, it’s related to both environmental and genetic factors. “There appears to be a genetic predisposition for diabetes among Native Americans,” Bull says.

“Knowing your risk factors for diabetes is a crucial step toward an early diagnosis, which can give people the tools to prevent the disease from progressing,” she says.

Bull says it’s also important for people with diabetes to report any safety concerns with their medications or devices (for example, glucose monitors) to MedWatch, FDA’s Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program. To report a problem, go tohttp://www.fda.gov/safety/medwatch/default.htm.

“Consumers, especially members of minority communities, should tell us about their good and their bad experiences with their medications and treatments. If they have any reactions to a certain diabetes medication or if they find that one treatment works better for them than another, we want to know, because that information can be useful to others too,” Bull says.
 #diabetics #diabetes #nutrition #diet

Exercise Can Reduce Risks Of Diabetes



by:angelbea 
 #diabetes #health #diet


Hi All, I am going to discuss the effects of exercise on the insidious disease of diabetes.
Now, keeping fit ,as we all know keeps our immune strong.
If you have diabetes please go here for supplies 
The 2 types of diabetes are type I and type II. Type I diabetes is characterized by the pancreas making too little or no insulin. An individual with diabetes type l will have to inject insulin throughout the day in order to control glucose levels. Type II diabetes, also known as adult onset diabetes, is characterized by the pancreas not producing enough insulin to control glucose levels or the cells not responding to insulin. When a cell does not respond to insulin, it is known as insulin resistance. When a subject is diagnosed with type II diabetes, exercise and weight control are prescribed as measures to help with insulin resistance. If this does not control glucose levels, then medication is prescribed. The risk factors for type II diabetes include: inactivity, high cholesterol, obesity, and hypertension. Inactivity alone is a very strong risk factor that has been proven to lead to diabetes type II. Exercise will have a positive effect on diabetes type II while improving insulin sensitivity while type I cannot be controlled be an exercise program. Over 90f individuals with diabetes have type II.


Exercise causes the body to process glucose faster, which lowers blood sugar. The more intense the exercise, the faster the body will utilize glucose. Therefore it is important to understand the differences in training with type I and type II diabetes. It is important for an individual who has diabetes to check with a physician before beginning an exercise program. When training with a diabetic, it is important to understand the dangers of injecting insulin immediately prior to exercise. An individual with type I diabetes injecting their normal amount of insulin for a sedentary situation can pose the risk of hypoglycemia or insulin shock during exercise. General exercise guidelines for type I are as follows: allow adequate rest during exercise sessions to prevent high blood pressure, use low impact exercises and avoid heavy weight lifting, and always have a supply of carbohydrates nearby. If blood sugar levels get too low, the individual may feel shaky, disoriented, hungry, anxious, become irritable or experience trembling. Consuming a carbohydrate snack or beverage will alleviate these symptoms in a matter of minutes.

Before engaging in exercise, it is important for blood sugar levels to be tested to make sure that they are not below 80 to 100 mg/dl range and not above 250 mg/dl. Glucose levels should also be tested before, during, after and three to five hours after exercise. During this recovery period (3-5 hours after exercise), it is important for diabetics to consume ample carbohydrates in order to prevent hypoglycemia.

Exercise will greatly benefit an individual with type II diabetes because of its positive effects on insulin sensitivity. Proper exercise and nutrition are the best forms of prevention for type II diabetics. It is important for training protocols to be repeated almost daily to help with sustaining insulin sensitivity. To prevent hypoglycemia, progressively work up to strenuous activity.

As with individuals with type I diabetes, carbohydrates should also be present during training to assist in raising blood sugar levels if the individual becomes low.



Outro: By way of introduction I want to speak of why I’m writing a blog in the first place. I’m VERY VERY passionate about health and fitness. Yes that includes working out and eating healthily but also includes having a healthy mind - for which I believe exercise and nutrition are key ingredients to achieving a healthy mind. So I’ve decided to start blogging on health and fitness and its affects on diabetes.
 

Pre-Diabetes: "Check Engine" Warning Light



Your car has an early detection system and so does your body. Take 3 minutes to read this article and learn how you can save yourself a life time of aches, pains, and costly medical bills.


Have you ever had the "Check Engine" warning light come on in your car? Most newer cars have a system that monitors the performance of your car. If something is not working properly, the "Check Engine" light usually comes on.

The good news is that this "pre-warning" system can help you avoid costly damage, which may be occurring with your vehicle, by detecting small problems before they become big problems. However, the only way to be certain is to have your car inspected by an expert mechanic when the "Check Engine" light comes on.

Did you know that your body has a "pre-warning" system?

With many diseases, your body will start producing symptoms such as aches, pains, fatigue, frequent thirst, and so on. These symptoms are your body's "Check Engine" light, warning you about problems.

However, with diabetes, pre-warning signs don't always show up so easily. The medical community is calling it: Pre-Diabetes.

Today, roughly 41 million Americans have pre-diabetes which left undetected and untreated, progresses into full-blown diabetes.

The challenge with pre-diabetes is the fact that the condition doesn't like to reveal itself with noticeable symptoms. Because there are few, if any symptoms, most people will not bother having screening tests performed. With pre-diabetes, noticeable symptoms like frequent thirst and urination may not occur until the disease has progressed and is already causing considerable damage to your body. Most Type 2 diabetics don't have symptoms because the onset of diabetes is so slow.

Don't wait for your "Check Engine" light to come on. Have your blood tested. Call your doctor today and make the appointment.

The goal with identifying pre-diabetes is to prevent the onset of diabetes from ever happening.

Your physician can determine if you have pre-diabetes with two common tests. The fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) and the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Both require an overnight fast.

The good news is that you can greatly improve your odds and likely prevent diabetes with early detection and proper care.

Don't wait 'til it hurts. Ask your doctor about diabetes and have your blood sugar checked several times a year.